1920 Cuban Stars of Havana

A Calendar, Including Newspaper Clippings, of the 1920 Cuban Stars of Havana

1920 Cuban Stars of Havana Games

Stories are placed in order of the date they appeared.

January 3, 1920

Chicago, IL
"Pitfalls of Baseball - Written Exclusively for the Chicago Defender by Andrew ('Rube') Foster, Manager of the Famous American Giants Baseball Team - In again taking up this subject I am going to touch on the disadvantage clubs have had to encounter to keep the game in front of the people. Some have had good intentions, meant well, many times hoping against hope that some unforseen miracle would happen to enlighten them on their way; that unforseen hand has no appeared. When it does come you will find that few Colored men will be interested in the clubs. When you scan the list of the past and present owners of Colored Clubs, you will find among them, men who are not due any success, with a few exceptions. To be successful in anything, one must pattern after systems and methods of men who have made success in the same line of busines. This you cannot put into the heads of those that want to promote the game. A practice among the various club owners has been to take men from different clubs, many times after they have drawn money from the club they are leaving. It has gotten so bad managers do not trust players, nor do the players trust the managers. It's folly for one to teach a player to jump and not pay the manager he leaves and expect that same player to be honest with him. When some one persuades the same man to leave him, disgusted, he will wire you, 'If you pay such a club, I will not play for you.' This stopped it for a while, but each club adopted the habit of taking each other's men until they have so complicated things they do not play each other. - Organized Baseball Great Pattern - In organized baseball each club secures men from different clubs. It must be an agreement between the club owners that a player is the property of the club who retains his services until released. There is no ball club in the country that can secure his services. Even the big leagues do not tamper with different clubs' players. With all the money invested in their clubs, they have deemed it necessary to form some agreement to work by protecting each other's rights. Yet our club owners laugh at such protection and have year after year done just the opposite. - Players Do Not Want Organization - I have talked with several players and they asked me, did I not think organization would hurt their chances as to salaries. When the club owners get together they will pay what they please; we do not want organizations. I said if you ever expect to really make any money out of baseball it will be done through organization. There are several players playing ball that get more to play one season than the salary list of any three Colored clubs at the present time. They play under organization. Has it hut them? Do you realize that if protection was given men there would be money put into baseball, parks would be built, that it would offer inducements to players to try and develop, knowing there was some future attached to their profession. - Assets of Our Clubs - The time has passed when you can camouflage the public. The public has been wised up to many things. Now it's up to the men who want to continue to give the people something besides bunk. There are not four Colored Clubs North that could not go out of the business today and lose nothing but the uniforms they had last season; yet they will parade around and tell you they own a ball club. Clubs like the A.B.C.s, Detroit, Kansas City, Royal Giants, and Cuban Stars have never had a dime invested beyond their uniforms and advance money. It is natural for them, with the expense of only salaries, to be in a position to do much damage to the clubs that are burdened with heavy overhead expense. Admitting that the clubs are important to the success of both parties, one would not expect the club with the heavy expense to compete with the clubs with apparently no expense; yet they must do more, and have. - Ball Parks Necessary - It is very necessary that we have parks to play in. Without them there would be no incentive for one to choose baseball as a profession. Yet these parks must not be burdened too heavy as when they go baseball North will pass along, as the building restrictions are such and real estate so high that you could not expect Colored owners to promote such an expensive plant just to be giving employment to a profession when it must be at a loss. Yet, you cannot get the men to come together and try to cement some plans for the betterment of the game. - Organization is Sure to Come - We cannot get along without organization. Neither will we have sufficient parks to play in to warrant paying greater salaries than we are at present unless we organize. There are thousands of dollars ready for such an organization. The money will naturally be supported better than the American Association, whose salary limit is $5,000 per month. Then will come the cry that it's a shame that all this money goes into the hands of the whites. Yet we will be the ones at fault. They can easily triple the present salaries and make money, as they will systemize it, build sufficient parks and give employment to many hundred Colored players. There is no hope to even maintain the standard that we have reached. Rentals of all parks have gone up. At any minute the leases of present parks can be terminated. Many Colored men with money have begged to get into the game, but they want it patterned after the way leagues are conducted. - Last Attempt to Get Owners Together - This will be the last time I will ever try and interest Colored club owners to get together on some working basis, I have so often been refused the necessary capital, not desiring to give to others the chance of monopolizing Colored baseball, but they are not going to continue, to wait on me with their money. They can do so and leave me where I am. I have made the effort, it's now up to the ones that expect to permanently figure in baseball to get together."

January 10, 1920

Chicago, IL
"Pitfalls of Baseball - Written Exclusively for the Chicago Defender by Andrew ('Rube') Foster, Manager of the Famous American Giants Baseball Team - In one of my previous articles I asked that the owners of clubs write for the plan of an organization or working agreement between the various clubs. In this plan we were to have a regular Western Circuit, composed of Chicago, Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Detroit, St. Louis, Kansas City, the Eastern circuit to be composed of Pittsburg, Cleveland, Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York, both to be two separate organizations, the same as National and American Leagues, the winner of each circuit to meet the winner in a world's championship series. This would have been the salvation of baseball. But to date I have received but one letter that would be interesting, that letter came from Washington. - Fans Due Consideration - It would have been in keeping with the times for such a circuit as named above to do something concrete as a stepping stone to success; that would warrant the continuance of the patronage that they have enjoyed, based solely on their loyalty to the Race. This cannot be kept at the present stand; there is something the people want, that their patronage demands, something that would make them appreciate their children entering a profession that would equal the earning capacity of any other profession, and that thing can be done only as the 128 leagues operated by the whites, that have measured their efforts with permanent success, so much so that a graduate from Yale, Princeton and many large medical schools and colleges of law have laid aside their college professions to become ball players, merely because it paid them better to do so. We can do the same thing, but only in patterning after the system of success used by them. A better circuit could not be arraned than the one outlined, even if we only got the support of Colored people. The smallest Colored Population in either city is 50,000, running to 150,000. They would rally around any progressive move, the same as they have rallied around us, knowing we were doing nothing, with hopes for our advance from the old system of parading under false pretenses. - Nothing Invested in Baseball - I have made baseball a study. My ready knowledge of the things accomplished by the different clubs made it possible for me to write these articles. Did you know that Hilldale, Royal Giants, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Detroit, Chicago Giants, Dayton and hundreds of other ball clubs, wonderful investments as owners of clubs, have no assets that you can realized fifty dollars as a load; that the Lincoln Giants, St. Louis and Chicago were the only places with assets; that the assets of the American Giants cost an expenditure of more money than all the Colored parks combined; that it was built new from the ground at a cost greater than the combined cost of all the Negro parks? I want to speak some cold, hard facts to the men that refused to cooperate with such a move, knowing that they have permanently erased their chances to permanently figure in baseball, and very soon you will see these progressive owners of bunk baying their way to see baseball played by Colored clubs. Cost of ball parks and the advanced price of real estate in all large cities have doubled in price; the cost of materials, workers and everything necessary to operate a ball park or club has advanced 50 per cent. This will require many thousand dollars to even build a park. If such money could be secured, the building restrictions are such that in none of the large cities could a permit be secured. First you have to get consent to build from the property owners that surround the ground. As no Colored person owns any place, around any available space (north), this permit can only be had through the whites. Thus they are eliminated by circumstances. Even were such conditions eliminated, the amount of money necessary to operate a club, you would only find a man escaped from the insane asylum that would put money into such a proposition, not knowing where they were to get off. I have fought against delivering Colored baseball into the control of whites, thinking that with a show of patronage from the fans we would get together. The get-together efford has been a failure. In justice to myself and the many players that will eventually benefit by ownership with system money and parks, admitting that I cannot prevent it much longer, as in the past, I had better see that the snow does not stay in my yard after these many hard years of effort."

January 17, 1920

Chicago, IL
"Rube Foster Wants 'Get Together' Meet of All Baseball Owners. - 'Andy' says Organized Effort Is Our Only Salvation Magnates of the West Should Meet Owners of the East, Pick an Aribtration Board and From This Agreement Draw Up a Working Agreement for All to Abide By. - By Charles D. Marshall. - Organized baseball is on and Andrew Rube Foster is at the helm. Or, we might say that this great captain of the national game has started the ball to rolling to which I think the forming of a Colored baseball league may be the outcome. In an article published in a Chicago paper recently, Mr. Foster had the following to say: I am going to make the effort to arrange to have all the owners in the East to meet all the owners in the West, either at Chicago or New York, at a certain date, pick an arbitration board from experienced men of business, and from the agreement draw a working agreement for all of us to abide by, the signers of such an agreement to deposit $500 in good faith that they will live up to such an agreement. It is not a proposition to exchange players. Each club will be allowed to retain their players, but cement a partnership in working for the organized good of baseball. Conducted on the same identical plan as both big leagues and all minor leagues, even the semi-pro leagues, the outcome would be the East would be the same as National League, the West as American League, the winner of the majority of games in the East to meet the Western winners in a real world's championship. This will pave the way for such champion team eventually to play the winner among the whites. This is no more than possible. "Only in uniform strength is there permanent success. I invite all owners to write for information on this proposition. It is open to all." - Andy's Plan a Most Plausible One. - So far as the baseball fan is concerned, the above plan seems a most plausible one, for in my rounds I have discovered that nearly every lover of baseball, player and magnate is very enthusiastic over this brilliant idea of having organized baseball among the colored clubs, both East and West. There is no doubt of the fact that a new and greater interest will be taken in baseball. A guaranteed protection of money must be assured to the new owners of clubs these days, and some sort of a get-together must be brought about at once. Magnates are not going to take the risk on clubs and parks where there is no assets, as they have in the past. It is my opinion that a Western circuit or league of ball will shortly be formed comprising Chicago, Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Detroit, St. Louis and Kansas City, and an Eastern circuit to be composed of Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York, both to be two separate organizations, the same as a National and American League, the winner of each circuit to meet the winner in a world's championship series. If such a step is taken the salvation of baseball is assured. As I have always said, such a move will be the real stepping stone to success. There is no doubting the fact that nearly every colored ball park in the cities mentioned enjoy a large patronage each season, but the question is, will they continue if something is not done to strengthen the present interest? I say it will not stand unless organized baseball is put into action. So, when a great leader like Rube Foster offers to share his knowledge and costly experience for the betterment of each and every owner of baseball clubs, I think that there should be an enthusiastic rally to the support of the idea and have a meeting and make every possible effort to get organized ball on the go by the summer of 1920. - C.I. Taylor's Return to Great Game an Event. The return to the baseball world of C.I. Taylor, owner and manager of the famous Indianapolis A.B.C.'s next season, as announced by the scribes may do much toward the assurance of organized baseball during the season of 1920, as Taylor has long been known as a power and a great guidance in the national game. But some one has put the rumor on the rounds about the hot stove league that Taylor is much-opposed to organized ball, and others who claim to be on the inside track say that Taylor is always out for anything that is for the good of the sport. Being personally acquainted with the stellar magnate, I feel safe in saying that Taylor is always in favor of the thing that's fair and especially clean in sport, if it will tend to make the game progressive. But the return of C.I. to the diamonds will no doubt cause many a fan to become overjoyed and team with delight and expectation of a rousing season of baseball. You know when Taylor gets into the game, he always makes it interesting for Foster and the whole country, and everybody enjoys a real season of real baseball. There will be some hot battling between Detroit, Chicago and Indianapolis, for Taylor will certainly give Pete Hill and Mr. Foster much to worry about."

Chicago, IL
"Pitfalls of Baseball - Written Exclusively for the Chicago Defender by Andrew ('Rube') Foster, Manager of the Famous American Giants Baseball Team - In my previous articles I have dealt with many things that to my way of thinking have hindered our progress; to all of this there can be no crime, without a reason for such, and in this article I will try and explain what has shown the caliber of men who want to bask in the limelight as progressive leaders of clubs. Lack of Cooperation a Disgrace - In the West we manager often disagree, yet we eventually come to an agreement, forgetting the differences where they affect the welfare fo the game, each time before any great wrong is done, that we will cooperate and stand by any plan agreed on, is a moral certainty, with our Eastern owners it is different. Can you imagine the benefits to be derived from such, to be such a hard task, those familiar with our troubles wonder why we cannot agree. No chain is stronger than its weakest link. Knowing this, I made efforts long before the articles were written, to try and get Nat C. Strong, Eastern booking agent, controlling all the available parks, to play in New York; to let's all meet together, East and West, formulate an agreement for better working conditions, salaries to remain, each club to retain its present players. He answered back, he wanted something done, but the men who are at present identified with the Eastern clubs are an IMPOSSIBILITY, that there were several owners, managers and players they would never do business with again. - Why such a Disagreement? This disagreement dates back to the existence of Colored clubs; it is deeply rooted; there will be no peace until the men now connected give way to different owners. The players question is the root of all the trouble. Managers have gone after the playing season and taken the main men of each other's club; these players oftimes owed the past owner money; naturally this broadened the feelings of the owners. Results, they would not play against each other. Even the Western clubs have done the same to Eastern clubs, yet they do not tamper with the Western players of Western clubs. This has got to such a condition that the leading clubs East do not meet, nor will the Western clubs meet any of the Eastern clubs. If you have taken your club East, win many games, the owner try to take the men away from you, bring about dissatisfaction between you and your men; so much so you avoid going there. - What Getting Together Would Mean - Had the Eastern men accepted the proposal, the bitter feelings that exist would have been eliminated, a working agreement respecting each other's right, a chance to see all the clubs meet, the securing of places fit to play, then the launching of a league. But they refused such, desiring to fight each other. Now it's the survival of the fittest. You kill my dog, I will kill your cat. One would not think such IGNORANCE existed in the MODERN AGE. - Ball Players vs. Owners - Ball players have had no respect for their word, contracts or moral obligations, yet they are not nearly as much to blame as the different owners of clubs. These owners baited the men away from the different clubs, telling them it's money that you want, you had better get it while getting is good. He raises the salary, and the player jumps. About one in every hundred pays the money back voluntarily. The players think better salaries should be paid, often saying: 'Well, if you played so and so you would have made money to pay more, or pay what you promised.' They do not realize that their actions in disrupting another club is the prime factor in not getting what they should, as one never knows how long he will have a club."

February 6, 1920

Kansas City, MO
"Plan to Entertain League - Kansas City, Missouri, February 6 - Felix Payne, Clarence Houston and Attorney Calloway are planning to entertain the National Baseball League delegation which meets here February 13 and 14. A smoker and an auto drive is on the program."

"Southern Baseball Cancelled - New York, February 6. - Baseball, which has always been such a tremendous attraction at the Breakers, Palm Beach, Florida, was eliminated this season. The players who were to trim for the annual series were much disappointed when at the last moment the contracts were broken."

"Kansas City Selected for Meeting of Baseball Magnates - Baseball fans all over the country will watch with interest next week the meeting of the National Baseball League, which is meet at Kansas City, Missouri, February 13 and 14. A call has been issued and following directors of baseball clubs of the West will be present: Andrew "Rube" Foster, American Giants; C.I. Taylor, A.B.C.'s, Indianapolis, Indiana; John Matthews, Dayton Marcos, Dayton, Ohio; John (Tenny) Blount, Detroit Stars, Detroit, Michigan; J.L. Wilkinson, Kansas City; A. Mills, St. Louis, Missouri; Joe Green, Chicago Giants. Mr. Foster will also represent the Cuban Stars, having the proxy of Mr. Tinti Molina. Purpose of the Meeting - For a number of years the Chicago Defender has urged that the owners of the various baseball clubs of standing get together and formulate plans for a national league. The idea has had the endorsement of Andrew "Rube" Foster and no one has worked more faithful than the Chicago 'chief' to make the meeting possible. A tentative schedule will be drawn, a protective aggreement is signed, a working basis fair to each club will be originated. Not only will managers be present, but others interested in baseball and its success will have an opportunity to address the meeting at its open sessions. Cement Foundations for League - This meeting will likely develop the foundation for a league. With representation from Detroit, Dayton, St. Louis, Kansas City, Chicago and Indianapolis it is thought that there is nothing to daunt the promoters. Such a league was not possible for this season, as not enough of the managers have long enough leases on their parks. Sports Writers to be Present. - Dave Wyatt, Indianapolis Ledger; Charles Marshall, Indianapolis Freeman, and Cary B. Lewis, Chicago Defender, will be present to represent their respective papers. Writers on the St. Louis and Kansas City papers will be present and act as hosts for the visitors. Felix Payne, one of the big fans of the West, will entertain the 'boys' from the Windy City. The managers of the clubs declare that no money will be spared this season to give the fans the best clubs in the history of their organization."

February 13, 1920

Kansas City, MO
"Baseball Magnates Hold Conference - Sporting Editor of Defender Elected Secretary - Kansas City, Missouri, February 13. - Representatives of the baseball teams of the West arrived here today and went into session at the Y.M.C.A. with the following baseball baseball magnates present: J.T. Blount, Detroit, Michigan, Detroit Stars; W.A. Kelly, Washington, DC organized baseball of the national capital; L.S. Cobb, secretary of the St. Louis Giants baseball team; John Matthews, Dayton Marcos, Dayton, Ohio; Joe Green, Chicago Giants, Chicago, Illinois; C.I. Taylor, Indianapolis A.B.C.s, Indianapolis, Indiana; Elwood C. Knox of the Indianapolis Freeman, Indianapolis, Indiana; Andrew 'Rube' Foster, American Giants, Chicago, Illinois; Charles Marshall, Indianapolis Ledger, Indianapolis, Indiana; J.L. Wilkinson, this city, and Cary B. Lewis, sporting editor of the Chicago Defender. - Temporary Officers Elected - On motion of 'Tenny' Blount, Detroit, Michigan, Mr. Foster was nominated and elected temporary President. Cary B. Lewis of the Defender was elected secretary. The aim and object of the meeting was discussed and the plan for a circuit for the season of 1921 came up for consideration. Every manager was very enthusiastic and said he would carry the same enthusiasm back to his home town. The outlook for 1921, they claim, would be the greatest history of baseball. - Foster Springs Big Surprise - One of the big surprises of the first day's meeting was when 'Rube' Foster uncovered the fact that he had a charter, incorporated, for a National Negro Baseball League. When 'Rube' displayed the charter the 'magnates' were dumbfounded. The league is incorporated in the states of Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and Maryland. Then, Mr. Foster and Mr. Blount discussed tentative plans for the circuit of 1921. Dr. Howard Smith met the delegations at the depot. A smoker and dinner has been arranged. The second day's meeting will be held tomorrow. The visitors are stopping at the 'Y.'"

February 20, 1920

Kansas City, MO
"Baseball Men Write League Constitution - Western Circuit Organized; to Become Effective April 1, 1921 - Kansas City, Missouri, February 20. - A Western Circuit National Baseball League of the United States, was organized here last week in the rooms of the Community Center. Newspaper men and sports writers became the arbitrators for the baseball magnates. It was the first time in the history of a baseball meeting that there was exhibited so much harm(illegible) and good spirit. Andrew 'Rube' Foster was chosen as the temporary chairman and secretary. He stated the aim and purpose of the gathering and then said he would leave it to the newspaper men at the meeting to decide all questions, select players for the various teams and write the bylaws and constitution for the league. No sooner had he said this than C.I Taylor of the Indianapolis A.B.C.s assented, also 'Tenny' Blount of the Detroit Stars. - The Player Question - The player question was the first to come up for consideration. It is a well-known fact that some of the managers have been dickering with each others players which has caused a great deal of confusion during the past years. This was thrashed out and all agreed that the newspaper men should embody this question in the laws and constitution of the league. In the best judgement of the newspaper men all the players for the league were selected. - Writers of the Consititution - The writers of the consitituion and bylaws of the new league were Dave Wyatt, Indianapolis Ledger; Elwood C. Knox, Indianapolis Freeman; Cary B. Lewis, Chicago Defender, and Attorney Elisha Scott of Topeka, Kansas. These men were up all Friday night and part of Saturday morning, framing the 'baseball bill of rights' to guide the destiny of the future league. At noon Friday it was brought before the conference. The preamble was read and adopted. The constitution was ready by articles and sections. Correction after correction was made and finally it was approved by Attorney Elisha Scott. The consitution was signed by Andrew Foster, American Giants, Chicago; C.I. Taylor, A.B.C.s, Indianapolis, Indiana; 'Tenny' Blount, Detroit Stars, Detroit, Michigan; Chicago Giants Joe Green, Chicago; J.L. Wilkinson, Kansas City Monarchs, Kansas City, Missouri; Lorenzo Cobb, St. Louis Giants, St. Louis, Missouri. Each manager paid his $500 fee to bind them to the league and constitution. - Will Operate Next Season - The Western Circuit, National Baseball League, will not operate until next season. This meeting is the bundation for next year. The circuit will not officially operate until each city has a park, either leased or owned and this will undoubtedly be by April 1, 1921. Those who had no lease this year claimed they would have one next season. Mr. Mattews of the Dayton Marcos, who was ill with the 'flu,' sent a special delivery letter stating that he would be in perfect harmony with whatever was done at the meeting. He sent his per ratio to pay for the expense of the newspaper men who acted as arbitrators. Several road teams had representatives and paid their part of the fee to play in the circuit as per schedule. Nat C. Strong of the Nat C. Strong Amusement Company, New York City, sent a letter stating that he was ready to do anything that would promote the best interests of baseball all over the country. After the Western Circuit is put into operation successfully Mr. Foster will then call a meeting of the organization of a national Baseball League, taking in every large baseball city in the EAst. - Newspaper Men Select Players - The newspaper men had the day at the meeting. No manager had aught to say about players. They were selected on account of their RELATIVE STRENGTH to each team. The newspaper men will form an arbitration board to settle all disputes and act as publicity agents for games. The following players were selected for the teams in 1921: Detroit Stars - Pete Hill, Bruce Petway, Frank Warfield, Edgar Wesley, Joe Hewitt, Mack Eggleston, LeRoy Roberts, Henderson E. Boyd, Bill Holland, Richard Whitworth, Jimmie Lyons, Johnson Hill, Lefty Hill. - Kansas City, John Donaldson, Jose Mendez, Frank 'Bluekoi' Blattner, Jackson, Walter Muir, Rube Currie, Vicente Rodríguez, Bartolo Portuondo, Sam Crawford, Wilbur 'Bullet' Rogan, W. Harris, Bernardo Baró. - St. Louis Giants, Tullie McAdoo, Dan Kennard, Charles Brooks, Charles Scott, William Drake, Lunie Danage, Felix Wallace, Charles Blackwell, Eddie Holt, John Finner, Lee Hill. - American Giants, George Dixon, Jim Brown, Leroy Grant, Elwood 'Bingo' DeMoss, Robert Williams, Dave Malacher, John E. Reese, Thomas Johnson, Thomas Williams, Richard 'Dick' Lundy, Cristóbal Torriente, Edward 'Judy' Gans. - Chicago Giants, Lawrence Simpson, Walter Ball, Lemuel McDougal, Edward Jones, John Beckwith, William Greene, Thurman Jennings, Frank Jefferies, Horace Jenkins, Joe Green, Clarence Winston, Tom Clark. - C.I. Taylor's A.B.C.s - James 'Jim' Jeffries, 'Steel Arm' Johnny Taylor, Morten Clark, Russell Powell, Herlen Raglen, William Webster, Oscar Charleston, Ed Rile, Mitchell Murray, William 'Dizzy' Dismukes, Decatur Johnson."

February 21, 1920

Kansas City, MO
"Negro Base Ball League Assured. - The Peace Dove Soared Over Camp of the Organizers and Harmony Prevailed. - (By Dave Wyatt.) - Kansas City, Missouri - The much heralded Negro Base Ball League was launched into actual being when a three-day deliberation by the high statesites of the diamond pasttime ended one of the most successful and (illegigle) gatherings ever witnessed among our people; most especially so when the interests involved, sacrifices made, financial considerations and many other features, any one of which is enough to cast one into deep depression, is taken into account. The initial efforts, prior to the real formation of a league, was a grand success. In order not to misguide our followers, it can safely be said that the league is not as yet in existence. The parent body of the organization was put into activity at the Kansas City session, from it will spring the real league. The clubs that are members of this tentative organization and that were represented at the meeting were: Chicago Giants - Joe Green; Detroit Start - Tenny Blount; Indianapolis A.B.C.'s - C.I. Taylor; St. Louis Giants - Charlie Mills; Dayton Marcos - J. Matthews; Gilkerson's Union Giants - Attorney Scott; Kansas City Monarchs - J.L. Wilkinson; American Giants - Andrew Foster; Cuban Stars - A. Molina. These clubs are the foundation upon which the league will be built. This present association of clubs is known as the Western Circuit of Negro National Base Ball League. Affiliated with this circuit are clubs extending from Omaha, Nebrask a to and including Nat C. Strong's New York Base Ball enterprises. Fans, who are fortunate to be in the cities which form this circuit will, beyond the shadow of a doubt, witness the grandest exhibition of the national pasttime among our people that has been observed since the Negro took this form of athletic endeavor. The old rule of things as heretofore existed, ahs been waived aside. Each and every manager was forced to give up valuable players, when who, if placed upon the base ball market would bring thousands of dollars. These valuable assets were given up without the exchange of a penny and all for the good of this organization. The idea was to have all clubs composing this circuit to be just as evenly balanced in playing strength as could be. Fro the lineups comprising the various clubs it will be seen that the idea has been carried out to the complete satisfaction of all the owners and manager and no doubt exists over the manner in which this new turn of affairs will be viewed by the fan public who support the game. The biggest sensation ever experianced in the history of baseball was hurled into the opening meeting the first day. Andrew "Rube" Foster, who perhaps has more at stake than any fifty men in baseball that could be named, hurled a huge boom into the magnate's camp, when he arose and declared, "Gentlemen, the assets of the baseball club which I represent is more than all the Negro baseball clubs in existence, still if it pleases you all, I am willing to throw all these assets upon the mercy of the decision of this body of newspapermen who are present." The news writers then were unanimously chosen to settle all questions arising disputes over players, disposition of players and many other vexatious problems. The news men present were Elwood Knox, Indiana Freeman; Dave Wyatt, Indiana Ledger; Carry Lewis, Chicago Defender; A.D. Williams, Indiana Ledger."

February 28, 1920

Indianapolis, IN
"Way is Clearing For Baseball to Enjoy Its Greatest Boom - Game's Fate is UP to Magnates, Aided, of Course, by the Fans. - (By Dave Wyatt.) - That was certainly a mighty fine pre-lenten affair that the baseball magnates handed to the fans. One month ago it looked as though peace in baseball would be as hard to bring about as for the League of Nations pact to do any good. The plans of the factions were kept so well guarded that it was not until just three weeks ago that things began to come ot a head. That was when the western club owners and the Nat C. Strong enterprises held their initial confab, and later all the moguls of the middle-west held their historical love feast as the guest of Kansas City's foundation for peace before and at the banquet is shown by the fact it required only three session of peace conferences, one at Detroit, one at Chicago, and one at Kansas City, before the peace pact was signed and the storm wave was wiped out of existence It must be recognized by this time that the recalcitrant ones surrendered and that the vicory belongs to organized ball. After all, the fans will care little about who got licked and who did the licking. The thing is, baseball is once more in for an uplift. Now the time has arrived when the good old national game should get back to its feet with a rush. The baseball skies as well as the financial skies have cleared. If the people really want baseball as much as circumstances would indicate, they should soon notify the magnates after the playing season starts in 1920. Prosperity has put the dollar into circulation, and the plain fan has all share of the dollars. If he stays away from the box office in 1920 it will be because he has lost his love for the game, and not becaus ehe is unable to qualify for a ticket of admission by putting down the price. The situation is put to order for the club owner and the players. They are in for a new deal. How they cut the cards will play a big part in the future development of the game. There will doubtless be some bickering and heart burnings over certain star players. It probably will not be until the actual opening of the season that it will be known what clubs will get the cream of the playing talent. In any case, the acquiring of these stars and probable trades among the cubs should stir the interest of the fans during the remainder of the winter and put them on edge for the opening of the now league race and the fight for the international championship. The fans wanted new faces in some cities and they are going to get them, both as regards magnates and players. Will the magnates and the players, however, profit by experiences of the past? They will undoubtedly endeavor to so shape their affairs that another attempt to float another warfare will not be made for years. In the meantime, the A.B.C.'s can be expected to play the same smooth article of ball that they reeled off in 1916. A large part of Taylor's work will be to instill into the minds of his men that the team has not irreparably shot to pieces by the absence of some of the once familiar faces. The American Giants, too, will have missing links. The title holders got some great pitching last year and they are likely to get lots more of it this season, even if Dick Whitworth will not be there to electrify and even if "Beans" Williams sticks in the East. Dave Brown is just about ready to step up and take his regular turn in the box. Detroit looks good to me. Whitworth is bound to win as many games for Detroit, and he will have an able box assistant in Roberts, the eastern crack. St. Louis will be dangerous at times, though that team lacks the punch that the others have. Many of the fans pick Kansas City for first honors. If the Kaws don't win out, they should be close. The Chicago Giants ought to give fierce battle. The way they showed up during the 1919 campaign causes them to be conceded as a formidable foe for all. Dayton is expected to have a team of youngsters that will make all sit up and take notice. In all, 1920 should be a grand and glorious season."

"National Negro Baseball League is Formed - Western Managers Meeting at Kansas City a Great Success. - (By Charles D. Marshall.) - Wouldn't the late Frank Leland rejoice were he alive today and informed ofhte fact that a real, live Negro base ball league had been formed by colored base ball magnates of the West. This noted base ball man (once owner of the famous Leland Giants of Chicago) had for year labored hard to induce colored owners and managers to come together and play organized ball, but to no avail. He died with the proposition far from becoming a reality. But today the plan almost a surety for when the umpire shouts "play ball" May 1, 1920 it will be under a new heading for eight clubs of the West and that will be organized ball. That will mean much to thousands of colored fans as well as hundreds of ball players all over the country. Just what they have been arguing about for the past 15 to 20 years is at last to be a realization. It was bound to happen when such strong men as Rube Foster, C.I. Taylor, John T. Blount, Charles A. Mills, J.L. Wilkerson, John Matthews, Carey B. Lewis and Elwood C. Knox, got behind the movement and made effort to see it through. Rube Foster slipped the cog and selected the place and time to hold the meeting and out came these noble stalwarts and like magic a league was formed, officers elected, and in other words the ball started rolling by these live leaders of the great game. Of course it is nto be understood that their work is not really started but an attempt has been made and the best part of it is they have come together with an understanding. Now they are to get busy and make rules and regulation that each must abide by for the protection of all. A franchise for each club is to be made; the salary basis and limits are to be considered for the player as well as the umpires. A playing schedule is to be made and park admission prices should be made for the protection of the poor fan, with the understanding that the public is paying for professional major league palying and not outlaw or semi-professional pastime. No better selection could have been made than Andrew "Rube" Foster for president of the league for this wily old master of the great game is best suited for guiding the organization safely past all of the pit falls and loop holes that it is certain to encounter in base ball. Mr. Foster and the rest will have much to do to get everything in readiness for real organized ball playing by May 1, 1920. But it can be done very easily if every official will give it their earnest attention. A commission should be selected to prepare rules and regulations that should be enforced. But of all things, let this be one race organization of clean ruling with officials of no selfish motives or unfairness to hand out, to one another. Give the players a square deal and in turn let the player be square and fair. Make it possible that every player in the league be given a salary according to his worth and by that let us eliminate the "tramp ball tosser." Colored baseball will always have good financial support from both races, and even better when clean, professional games are played. Give us more men like C.I. Taylor, Tenny Blount, Foster and J.L. Wilkinson who urge the playing of clean ball."

Kansas City, MO
"Coming Baseball Season - Since the proposed baseball league out West, headed by Rube Foster, Tenny Blount, and others, which got under way recently, and who held a session at Kansas City, all the baseball bugs out this way have awakened from their slumber and are making preparations for the biggest season in the history of baseball. John Henry Lloyed has falled in line with the Royal Giants, while Santop, the well-known catcher of last leason is below the Mason and Dixon line digging up material to present to New Yorkers. Guy Empey sends us word that he more than likely will have a Race team this season, while Brooklyn will have several representative teams. Joe Williams has shown himself on the horizon and predicts a great season for himself.

"Baseball Writers and Managers are Royally Entertained - The baseball managers and newspaper men were royally entertained. The officers of the Community Center, where the league met, were very courteous. They wanted for nothing to make the meeting a success. On Friday night, J.L. Wilkinson, manager of the Kansas City Monarchs, entertained with a ten-course dinner at the DeLuxe cafe. Saturday night, Q.J. Gilmore, exalted ruler of the Elks, and the Elks of the city gave a banquet and smoker at the De Luxe cafe. Among the speakers were C.I. Taylor, 'Rube' Foster, Cary B. Lewis, 'Tenny' Blount, Dave Wyatt, Lorenzo Cobb, C.D. Williams, Dr. Howard Smith, Undertaker Watkins, Q.J. Gilmore, Attorney Elisha Scott, J.L. Wilkerson and others. Sunday, Mrs. Felix Payne entertained the visiting gentlemen. Mr. Payne, who is at Detroit, Michigan, with an automobile invention, telegraphed Mr. Snell to act as host for him. Mrs. Payne served a delicious dinner. Felix Payne Jr assisted in the service. Later in the evening, Dr. and Mrs. Howard Smith served dinner for 'Rube' Foster, 'Tenny' Blount, Dave Wyatt, and Elwood C. Knox. Mr. Foster remained over a few days to talk baseball matters over with the manager of this city."

March 27, 1920

Indianapolis, IN
"Chairman Foster's View on Grave Subjects - The Big Chief On Umpires and Players Not Quite in Accord with Effectual systems in Vogue of Disciplining Unruly Players - By Dave Wyatt. - The following extract is from an interview with the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Western Circuit of the Proposed Negro National League. - As this, the coming season, will perhaps mark an epoch in the government of Colored Baseball, the public no doubt will be greatly interested in knowing what system will prevail in the handling of all that important subject, umpire controversy. I am a firm believer in preserving the utmost good order on the ball field. I am strict disciplinarian, but far from a martinet. The only person who can preserve order on a ball field is the umpire, and in matters of discretion and judgement, where he is not specifically guided by rule, he should be supreme. I do not wish to be understood as meaning that an umpire should be a law unto himself; that his manner should be dictatorial, his attitude arrogant and his entire demeanor evince a self-satisfied air that would brook no argument or intercession. Right the contrary, I think an umpire should be pacific but firm, positive but polite, quick but unshowy, strict but reasonble. I have seen arguments on the field where I considered the umpire at fault. "A mild answer turneth away wrath." In my judgement, many a scene on the diamond could be prevented by a little - Discretion and Deliberation - on the part of the umpire, who frequently uses his authority in an arbitrary manner. One of my principal alms will be to instill into the umpires a spirit of peace and discretion. You ask me whether I believe in at once disciplining the player, immediately on receipt of umpire's statement of the facts in the case. I could answer that question with one word, but I am going to adduce some reason to show why I am opposed to the general practice employed in meeting out punichsment to players for offenses committed on the ball field. In the first place, I was a ball player myself and naturally believe in them as a class. As a rule they are reasonable, honorable, clean-living class of men, and this thought should be considered in all dealings with them. In the second place, one of the Cardinal Principles of Justice is that ever man should have an opportunity to be heard, to present his side of the case. If the player is guilty of the charges submitted by the umpire and has no reasonable defense, the end of justice and the morale of discipline can be served just as well by suspending the player some days after the violation has occurred, and all the evidence received and investigated, as by immediate suspension following the report of the umpire. Then there is another view of the question, namely, that the club owner is really the one who suffers most by a player's suspension. If we fine the player, true he may loose a small sum as a result of his infraction of the rules, and his salary goes on while he is out of the game. But his absence weakens the team and in the long run the club is the real sufferer. Therefore, if the effect of discipline can be preserved and at the same time the interest of the owner conserved, there is no reason why such cases should not be considered in the most lenient attitude possible, and by all means obtain the facts in the case from both sides before the player is punished by suspension."

Indianapolis, IN
"Will Colored Umpires Be Given a Tryout? - Will Colored Umpires Be Given a Tryout in Organized Ball. - Baseball Authorities Say They Will, But It Is To Be a Real Go - Who Knows? - (By Charles D. Marshall) - Several days ago a communication came to me from an enthusiasic fan who wanted to know "Whether Colored Umpires would be given a tryout this season over the Western circuit of the Negro National Baseball League." Of course I got busy and tried to find out from the powers that be in organized ball but as yet have been unable to get enlightened further than to say that they will be given a trial and that much came from an uncertain party. But to answer the question from my point of view I should think that, without a doubt colored umpires should be given a trial. Of course we know that some players as well as some managers and fans alike feel that the white umpire's decision carries more weight and generally comes closer to the right decision than the colored official. In most cases just because he is white. On the other hand the white umpire can be easily bluffed into deciding in favor of the losing side than can our own brother. Often the case is that a white umpire is secured who will easily decide in favor of the club who is paying him for his services. To my mind I have always felt that the white umpire looked much out of place in a game of ball played by two colored clubs. It may be that the white umpire has a better knowledge of the latest rules in baseball and that he is not easily shaken up by a broiling crowd of hot headed fans in calling a strike, but there are any number of students of the game in our race who would make good umpires. The commission of the Negro National Baseball League should make it a rule to employ nothing but colored umpires throughout the Western circuit, as we have any number of efficient men for the position. We must establish confidence in our men if we are to have organized ball. In either the major or minor leagues, they have not found room for us, no even as mascots. Why can't we manage and play the game ourselves without the aid of the other race, for certainly we know how."

April 17, 1920

Chicago, IL
"The Cuban Stars, one of the teams that will be constantly travelling over the new circuit, send word that they have just been awarded the championship of the Winter League on the island. The players are in tiptop form and will sail in a week or ten days for the States. The Cubans are coming by the way of Tampa and will not make the tour through the Mexican country, as they did last season. According to reports, the islanders are bringing the strongest team that ever came out of that territory. Realizing that they will have to travel much and will face tough foes each day, the foreigners are coming well fortified and say they are going to tuck the little championship bunting away and cart it back with them to Cuba."

May 2, 1920

Chicago, IL
"Teams Are Well Framed - Many Players Signed by Clubs will be Strangers to Fans on Western Circuit - By Dave Wyatt - Sunday, May 2, is the opening date of the new circuit, and if the organization gets off to a good start, under fair skies, with good crowds in evidence, and if there is anything in beginning right the season should be all the most optimistic have predicted, so far as material success goes. As to the other end of it - how the teams will run on the diamond - the seventh sons of the seventh sons have been on the job all spring doping out the winner, and it is generally conceded that Chicago, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, St. Louis, Dayton, the Cubans and chicago Giants will win the gonfalon - it all depends where the home of the prophet is that you touch for the inside dope. Each of the clubs in the new circuit has some particular department in which it looks strong and yet no club stands out with a head and shoulders advantage over the other clubs that would threaten a runaway race. Kansas city is the only club in which the dopester cannot put his hand right on one department and point out exceptional strength. But Kansas City is working under a strange manager, whose methods are not generally known, and he has assembled a few players from the far West whose work is not familiar on the circuit, also a few Cubans, so it is hardly logical to attempt any judgement on the Kansas City club at this time. - Some Strong Features - Foster is strong on pitchers and infielders, and his outfield looks good. Detroit is strong in its infield combination. The Cubans are strong on pitchers and on hitting strength, but if they lose and Portuondo the Islanders have no longer what looked like the best club in the circuit. St. Louis should work into one of the best hitting clubs in the circuit, and the pitching staff looks strong. The A.B.C.s are out in front in its superiority in outfield material and the infield will rank close behind the American Giants. Through the conditions that prevailed at the time of the formation of the circuit nobody outside of Chicago is willing to give the Giants a tumble, but a little thing like that never worries the big chief. That bird was wise in his day and generation and never does any kicking before or during the season. If the team fails to cop he has no alibis to concoct, and if the boys romp home he can sit back with a wise look. Rube Foster has a whole raft of Roks in his camp and he retains quite a number of aspiring youngsters for further inspection. Bobby Williams, Bill Riggins, and Singer are battling for a place in the infield; two of them are sprinters and the latter has a 10 second record in the 100 yards. Williams has been with the team for a couple of seasons and the other two are grand prospects, but it appears that Captain Bingo DeMoss will have to select from the trio, about two, for young Ewing, the catcher, is looming up mighty strong, both as a receiver and hitter; he is also a grand thrower and ambitious. If Jim Brown flashes enough form to warrant his being placed in the outfield or on the infield, with the most likely looking youngster's retention, the Giants will be amply safeguarded against the injury to regulars and at the same time will be able to put a real team on the field at all stages. While the season is extremely young, some idea can be obtained of the number of finds. Detroiters are raving over Boyd, Hill and Mack Eggleston, youngsters who seem to be able to do everything. Chicago bugs opine that Jack Marshall is one of the best righthanders who ever made his temporary home at Schorling Park - and there have been a great group of North-Paws there. Indianapolis enthusiasts declare that Tick Houston is the best second baseman they have ever seen since the days of Bingo DeMoss. St. Louis fans cannot help but feel proud of their kid left-hander, Luther. Considering everything, the crop of 1920 youngsters is one of the best we have had in a long time."

May 9, 1920

Indianapolis, IN
"Great Playing Beats Cubans - A.B.C.s Take Double-Header Before Big Crowd - Charleston is Star. - A crowd estimated at 10,000 saw C.I. Taylor's A.B.C.s win a double-header from the Cuban All Stars yesterday afteroon at Washington park, both games ending, 4 to 2, the 6 o'clock closing law halting the second scrap in the sixth. This is the largest crowd that the local colored stars have been played before in Indianapolis. It was centerfielder Charleston, the "Black Ty Cobb," who saved the day for the A.s in the first contest. Three sensational catches, one of them coming in the ninth inning with two men on and two outs, were made by teh speedy gardener of the local team. In this inning the Cubans started a rally that looked dangerous and it was Pitcher LeBlanc, one of the heavy hitters with the visitors, who drove a long fly to deep center with two on. Charleston, with his back to the sands, leaped high in the air to pull down the ball, and so delighted were a number of the A.B.C. followers that they ran out on the field and greeted him with hands full of money. Charleston also had a big day at the bat, getting two blows in each contest.
Fast Play by Clark. - Brilliant fielding plays by both clubs more than once brought the large crowd to its feet. Clark, shortstop with the Indianapolis team, pulled a fine play in the first game when he dove at a runner, tagging him out at second. Ben "Old Reliable" Taylor, first sacker, cut in with more of his flashy work around the initial corner. He scooped low throws out of the dirt, got three blows, one of them a ringing triple in the second game, and was "there" all the time. Dicta Johnson seemed to be the master of the All Stars with men on bases and once or twice when he did seem to throw a few over the plate to the liking of the Cubans some member of "C.I.'s" club would go to the rescue of Johnson with a speedy play. LeBlanc, visiting pitcher, not only twirled a good game, but connected with two hits. Dismukes was on the hill for the A's in the second scrap, setting the Islanders down with two blows in six innings. His underhanded delivery was hard for the Cubans to solve.
Play Again Today. - The Cubans will be the attraction at Washington park again this afternoon, tomorrow and Wednesday, today's contest being called at 3:15. Rile for the locals and Valdez for the visitors, will pitch today. Next Sunday, the Kansas City Monarchs will perform against Taylor's club in a doubl-header. Mendez, famous Cuban pitcher, and John Donaldson, formerly with the A's, will be in the lineup of the Monarchs."

Indianapolis, IN
"Sunday, May 9 - 2 - Games - 2 Cuban Stars vs. A.B.C.'s Games Called at 2:00 P.M."

Indianapolis, IN
"10,000 See A.B.C.'s Take Double Header From Cubans. - Oscar Charleston's Fielding a Sensation - First Game 4 to 2, Second Game 4 to 2. - When Oscar charleston, the flashy outfielder of the A's, with his back to the stands, leaped in the air and pulled down a long drive in the ninth inning, with two Cubans on, he saved the first game from going into extra innings and was also rewarded by the fans with a cap full of money. Old Reliable Ben Taylor's work at first base was out of the sensational order. Brother Ben saves the boys many errors by snagging them from all angles. Dicta Johnson held the enemy in charge and when they did threaten some A would come to the rescue with a fast play. William 'Dizzy' Dismukes, the smoker, was on the firing line in the second game and held the pesky Cubans to two hits in six innings. Dizzy's underhand delivery was a puzzle to the islanders."

Indianapolis, IN
"Cuban All-Stars Coming Sunday for Big Series - The Cuban All-Stars, direct from Havana, will meet the A.B.C.'s in a double-header at Washington Park Sunday, the first game starting at 2:30 o'clock. The Cubans also will perform against the A's Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. C.I. Taylor, manager of the local colored club, knows that in the Cuban aggregation, he will have some stiff opposition, so in order that his players will be in first class trim, he will send them through practice sessions each day this week. Dizzy Dismukes will work one of the games Sunday. A large crowd is expected to see these two colored teams in action."

"Cuban Stars Arrive For Contests With A.B.C.'s - Two strong rivals, the famous Cuban All-Stars, from Havana, Cuba, and C.I. Taylor's A.B.C.'s, will meet in a double-header tomorrow afternoon at Washington Park. The first game will start at 2:30. Dicta Johnson, who, while playing with another colored club last season did not lose a game to the islanders, is the choice to start on the mound for the local team in the first contest. Dizzy Dismukes will start the second. Facing Dicta Johnson will be José Leblanc, speed-ball artist. Prudencio Martínez is expected to open the second game for the visitors. The Cubans arrived in Indianapolis yesterday from Havana, not having played a game en route, but were scheduled to appear at Anderson, Indiana this afternoon. Manager Tinti Molina says his players are in first-class shape, having performed in the Cuban National League during the winter. Another large crowd is expected to watch the colored clubs in action. More than 6,000 were present when the A.B.C.'s opened the season last Sunday."

"A.B.C.'s and Cubans Get Together in Third Game - Oscar Charleston's great fielding in center field was one of the many features of the double-header at Washington Park Sunday afternoon, which was played before a crowd estimated at 10,000 and which the A.B.C.'s won from the Cuban All-Stars, both scores being 4 to 2. The flashy gardener, with his back to the stands, leaped into the air and pulled down a long drive in the ninth inning with two men on and saved the first game from going into extra innings. He also made two other good catches and was a big factorat the bat in both contests, getting four hits for the day. Fast fielding featured both games. The Cubans also cut in with some nice work in the field, their young shortstop playing particularly well. Dicta Johnson was on the hill for the winners. In the second game, Dizzy Dismukes threw them over the plate, allowing only two hits in six innings. The A.B.C.'s and Cubans play at Washington Park this afternoon, tomorrow and Wednesday. Games will be called at 3:15. Next Sunday the Kansas City Monarchs meet Taylor's club in a double-header."

May 10, 1920

Indianapolis, IN
"Monday, May 10 - Cuban Stars vs. A.B.C.'s - Games Called at 2:00 P.M."

Indianapolis, IN
"A.B.C.'s Win Monday's Game. - Although the All-Stars grabbed one more hit than the local colored club, they failed to bunch them and lost Monday's game, 7 to 3. C.I. Taylor's team counted six runs in the third inning and then played good ball to keep the Cubans from knotting the score. George Shively, left fielder, connected with a triple and single for the Indianapolis club. Ben Taylor, Jim Jeffries and Morten Clark accounted for the other six hits."

Indianapolis, IN
"A.B.C.'s and Cuban Stars Clash in Fourth Combat - The Cuban All-Stars and A.B.C.'s meet in the fourth game of their five game series this afternoon at Washington Park, the contest starting at 3 p.m. The islanders and A's hook up in the final scrap Wednesday afternoon. Although the All-Stars grabbed one more hit than the local colored club they failed to bunch them and lost Monday's game, 7 to 3. C.I. Taylor's team counted six runs in the third inning and then played good ball to keep the Cubans from knotting the score. George Shively, left fieldist, connected with a triple and single for the Indianapolis Club. Ben Taylor, Jim Jeffreies and Morten Clark accounted for the other six hits. Monday's win was the fifth straight for the A.B.c.'s They copped a double-header from the Chicago Giants in the season's opening and three from the islanders."

May 11, 1920

Indianapolis, IN
"Tuesday, May 11 - Cuban Stars vs. A.B.C.'s - Games Called at 2:00 P.M."

Indianapolis, IN
"Taylor's A.B.C.'s and the Cuban All-Stars, were scheduled to meet in the last game of the series at Washington Park this afternoon, yesterday's contest having been called off on a count of wet grounds. The local players were out to make a clean sweep of the series. Herlen Ragland, who finished Monday's game, was the probable pitching selection of the home club. José Leblanc was to take the mound for the visitors. Kansas City will be the next opponent of the Taylorites for a five-game series, starting with a double-header Sunday."

May 12, 1920

Indianapolis, IN
"Wednesday, May 12 - Cuban Stars vs. A.B.C.'s - Games Called at 2:00 P.M."

May 15, 1920

Detroit, MI
"Cuban Stars Will Face Local Team - Detroit All Stars Meet Strong Opposition Here Saturday. - Detroit Stars will face the biggest game on their schedule next Saturday afternoon when they go against the Cuban Stars at Mack park. The Cubans can be remembered as the team that stopped the locals last year after they had won 13 straight games. The Cubans will have the same lineup and hurlers on this invasion of Detroit. LaBlanc, Junco, Hernandez and Talosa, the four twirlers who have been responsible for the showing made by the Cubans, will accompany the team here Saturday. The probable starter has not been announced. Hubbard or Cooper may be on the mound for the locals and either is expected to give a good account of himself. The game will start at 3 o'clock."

"Cubans to Open Series Saturday - Islanders and Detroit Stars Clash at Mack Park. - Detroit Stars will open their campaign for the colored baseball championship in the game at Mack park, Saturday afternoon in which the Cuban Stars opposed them in the first of a five-game series. While the Detroit team has not been beaten this season, which also was the case when the Cubans appeared here a year ago to win the opening contest of the series, the opposition they are going to face against the Islanders is going to be considerably tougher than previously encountered. Cooper or Thompson will be the moundsman to open the local (illegible) will oppose. These games are the first of a home and home schedule with star clubs is the professional colored league to decide the national title. Other clubs in the circuit are the A.B.C.s of Indianapolis; American Giant, Chicago; Dayton Marcos, St. Louis Giants, Chicago Giants and Kansas City Monarchs. Home and home series of five games each will be played with all these clubs, the winner to be decided on the percentage plan the same as the major leagues, Saturday's game starts at 3 pm."

"Stars Take First From Cuban Team - Get to LeBlanc in Opening Round and Win 5 to 2. - Detroit Stars took the first of a five-game series from the Cuban Stars Saturday, 5 to 2. The locals gathered three runs in the first and were never overhauled. Warfield started with a double, advanced on Hewitt's out and later scored on a double steal with Lyons. Captain Pete Hill followed with a home run. After the first, it was a pitchers' battle. Thompson was found for only five hits, no two coming in one inning. Hernandez probably will work on the mound for the Cuban Stars Sunday and Holland will very likely be the locals' choice."

Detroit, MI
* Same article, from Indianapolis Freeman - "Stars Take First From Cuban Team - Get to José Leblanc in Opening Round and Win 5 to 2. - Detroit, Michigan, Special. - Detroit Stars took the first of a five-game series from the Cuban Stars Saturday, 5 to 2. The locals gathered three runs in the first and were never outhauled. Frank Warfield started with a double, advanced on Joe Hewitt's out and later scored on a double steal with Jimmie Lyons. Captain Pete Hill followed with a home run. After the first, it was a pitchers' battle. Thompson was found for only five hits, no two coming in one inning."

Detroit, MI
* Same article, from Chicago Defender

Detroit, MI
"Cuban Stars to Open Detroit Season. - Special to the Freeman: Detroit, Michigan, May 9. - Next Saturday, May 15, the Cuban Stars, (N.N. League), will open the season with the Detroit Stars and the baseball fans of Detroit are making great preparations to give Ted Blount's team a rousing send-off on Sunday the 16th. The leading citizens of Detroit have engaged box seats weeks ago and the Elks will turn out in a body. There will be a band and a big floral horse shoe will be presented to the Detroit Stars by the Royal Rooters Club and all records for attendance are expected to be broken."

May 16, 1920

Detroit, MI
"Crowd Sees Stars Beat Cubans, 7 to 2 - Detroit Team Wins 2nd Game of Series at Mack Park. - Detroit All Stars won the second game of the series from the Cubans at Mack park before one of the largest crowds ever in Mack park. Play was hampered several times, when it became necessary to move the fans from the field. With Holland in the box, the Stars had little trouble disposing of their rivals and should have earned a shut-out. Hernandez, the Cuban hurler, was hit hard and often."

Detroit, MI
* Same article, but in the Indianapolis Freeman."

Detroit, MI
"Big Crowd See Stars Battle - Mack Park Barely Escapes Destruction as 15,000 Push, Jostle and Rage to Gain Entrance; Situation Relieved by 2,000 Free Admissions - By Dave Wyatt - Detroit, Michigan, May 21. - Never in the baseball history of Detroit was there enacted a scene such as was staged here last Sunday when countless thousands of excited and enthusiastic devotees of baseball lined up on Mack avenue for blocks, surrounded the entrances to the park and nearly stampeded the officials and guards of the encosure in their eagerness to gain admittance. The game here Sunday revealed a most certain fact: Mack Park, as well as many of the other plants, are not sufficient in either seating or standing capacity to accomodate the eager throngs that want to witness the games betwen the various teams that swing around the new baseball circuit. The situation here escaped complete control of the officials when for hours the ebbing, charging mass of humanity begged, cajoled and did everything except riot in their quest for an entrance, and as a long resort hundreds bolted the long lines, mounted the fences, broke by the guards, disregarded the ticket takers, thereby gaining free admission. Every hole, corner and crack was filled and hundreds perched upon the top of the fence that encircles the arena very much like rows of sparrows. The crowd swarmed and invaded all parts within the players' lines and it was thought for a while that the game would have to be called off: as there was no place to play. when the umpire finally called "Play Ball!" there were fully as many people on the outside as were within. When it became known that the game had actually started pandemonium reighned upon the outside, and some, thinking the crowd was rioting, sent in a call; a motor policeman hurrying to the scene suffered a broken leg, while the officers who already were there had the time of their sweet lives trying to handle and control the buzzing assemblage. When order was finally restored a huge floral offering in the form of a baseball diamond was, by the hardest, ushered to the plate. The officials of the club, surrounded by the players of the two teams, encircled the floral design, while Dr. Jas. W. Ames, Detroit's leading physician, released an oratorical effort that would have did the floors of congress proud. Little can be said of the actual playing of the game, as the pastimers did not have a fair shake. As it was, Bill Holland, Tenny Blout's crack twirler, did the hurling honors for the home guard, while Hernandez, a new Cuban pitcher of class, carried the pitching burden of the Islanders. Of course, with the crowd right up to the first and third bases and two within 60 feet of the second baseman and shortstop in the outfield, real play was a thing forgotten. The two teams went along on fairly even terms for a spell, with whatever advantage there was, going to the home team. One thing the play did reveal is that the Detroit Stars is a team that can hit, field, run bases and think in a manner that is destined to prove an awful menace to all competitors this season. Tenny Blount's new men, especially Longware, Hoeland and Thompson, appear to place the Detroiters in the extremely fortunate class in their possession of classy material, while the old faces, Pete Hill, Bruce Petway, Joe Hewitt, Jimmie Lyons, Frand Warfield and Edgar Wesley, undoubtedly are putting up the best show of their career on the diamond. The Cubans were defeated, but they lost no prestige, as many believe the Islanders to be in a slump due to the cold and frosty temperature that they have encountered in their first week in the states. The Cubans have some new men who are destined to be heard from. Bill Drake, the new left-fielder, is one of Cuba's greatest lefthand hitters, and he is a fast and flashy fielder. Lopez at third is a wonder and Herrera at second works with that style and grace that pleases. Besides the new men now with the Cuban team other men are enroute to the states, so it is believed, judging from the style of play of those already here, that the Cubans are going to put up a grueling fight and the teams in the states will have to be on the job early and lest the Cubans cart the new league bunting to far away Havana."

May 17, 1920

Detroit, MI
"Cubans Trample Local Pastimers - Cooper Is Driven From the Mound; Stars Lose, 14-3. - Cuban Stars trounced the Detroit Stars in the third game of the series, 14 to 3. In a loosely played game. The series now stands two to one in favor of the locals. The visitors got to Cooper in the second, after two were down. Circuit drives by Hernanadez and Rio, after Cooper had walked three, netted five runs. Lyons finished the game for the locals, but fared little better. Walks and errors kept him continually in a hole. Valdez was touched up for eight safeties, but kept them well scattered. In the second, Captain Pete Hill, going after a hard hit ball, ran into the right field fence and suffered injuries that may keep him out of the game for some time. LeBlanc will probably be sent in for the Cubans Tuesday, while Thompson, for the locals, will try to duplicate his feat of last Saturday."

Detroit, MI
"Cubans on a Rampage. - Detroit, Michigan, Monday, May 17 - The Cuban Stars slaughtered the Stars in a loosely played game. Andy Cooper and Jimmie Lyons were wild as the March winds. Captain Pete Hill, going after a hard hit ball in the second, ran into the right field fence, suffering injuries that may keep him out of the game for some time."

Detroit, MI
"Cuban Stars Win Two - Detroit, Michigan, May 28. - LeBlanc will probably be sent in for the Cubans Tuesday, while Thompson, for the locals will try to duplicate his feat of last Saturday."

May 18, 1920

Detroit, MI
"Cuban Stars Even Mack Park Series - Visitors Pounce on Holland for 6 runs in Final Chapter. - Cuban Stars evened the series with the Stars at Mack park by winning Tuesday afternoon, 12 to 6. The deciding game will be staged at Mack park Wednesday. LeBlanc and Cooper will be the opposing twirlers."

Detroit, MI
"Stars Lose to Cubans - Detroit, Michigan, Tuesday, 18th - The Cubans batted Gunboat Thompson and Bill Holland hard, winning in the 9th."

May 19, 1920

Detroit, MI
"Cuban stars of Havana, Cuba, Traveling Saturday, May 15, Sunday, May 16, Monday, May 17, Tuesday, May 18, Wednesday, May 19, Cuban Stars vs. Detroit Stars at Detroit, Michigan"

May 23, 1920

Masillon, OH
"Sunday, May 23 - Cuban Stars vs. Massillon, Ohio"

May 29, 1920

Gary, IN
"Cuban Stars, 8; Gary, 0. - Gary, Indiana, May 29. - Special. - The Cuban Stars played their first game in the United States this season today, defeating the Gary Independents, 8 to 0. Martine of the Cuban Stars allowed six hits and struck out four."

May 30, 1920

Chicago, IL
"Schorling Park, Chicago, Illinois - Sunday, May 30, Decoration Day - Cuban Stars vs. American Giants 5 Game Series."

Chicago, IL
"Cuban Stars Here - The famous Cuban Stars will be the next aggregation of ball tossers to tackle the American Giants. The Cubans start their battling here Sunday, May 30, and will go on through Decoration Day and a series of weekday scraps. The Cubans have a real team and many faces new to the fans. They have managed, though handicapped by cold, wet weather, to break even on the series played with the A.B.C.s and they fought the Detroit Stars to a level. Hernandez will make his initial bow to the fans and he is one of the brainiest pitchers that has come over from the islands in a long spell. In Bill Drake the fans will see a hard hitting and fast outfielder, one of Cuba's best. Lopez is one of the best fielding third sackers in the game and Herrera and Valdez, also Guerra, can be depended upon to put up an article of ball that will please. The boy wonder, Abrien, is catching in that form that made him the favorite of the baseball populace last year and Baro is hitting and fielding in a manner that is depressing to all opponents. Manager Molina has found hopes of reinforcements by the time he gets here; so with the men who are expected from Havana, with those already here going good, the fans of Schorling Park are in for some real pastiming next week."

May 31, 1920

Chicago, IL
"American Giants Win Another From Cubans - Another record crowd turned out at Shorling's Park to see the American Giants win the second straight game from the Cubans, 3 to 2. The third game will be played this afternoon, Count José Leblanc and Lieutenant Tom Johnson hooked up in a twirling duel, the latter having the best of it, holding the Islanders to three hits. The Giants got seven hits off José Leblanc, four of them going to Cristóbal Torriente."

Chicago, IL
"Schorling Park, Chicago, Illinois - Monday, May 31st - Cuban Stars vs. American Giants."

June 1, 1920

Chicago, IL
"Cubans Drop Another to American Giants - By hitting the ball hard, the American Giants won another game from the Cubans, beating them 7 to 5, at Schorling's Park yesterday. The fourth game of the series will be played this afternoon."

Chicago, IL
"Amer. Giants, 7; Cubans, 5. - The hard hitting American Giants won another game from Cuban Giants, 7 to 5, at Schorling Park yesterday. The fourth game of the series will be played today."

June 2, 1920

Chicago, IL
"Cubans and Giants Play Today at Schorling's - The game scheduled for yesterday between the American Giants and the Cubans had to be called off on account of rain. It will be played this afternoon, and it will be the only game in Chicago, for the Cubs and Sox are out of town. Lieutenant Tom Johnson will dod the hurling for the Giants while the Islanders will depend on José Hernández."

June 3, 1920

Chicago, IL
"12 Straight For Schorlings - The American Giants won their twelfth straight game yesterday, defeating the Cubans, 3 to 2, in thirteen innings. Three errors in the final inning lost the game for the Islanders. Jack Marshall fanned thirteen."

June 5, 1920

Kansas City, MO
"Cuban Stars in a Defeat. - The Monarchs Won the Series Opener Here Yesterday, 7 to 3. - A fifth inning rally in which five runs were collected off the offerings of Hernandez, enabled the Monarchs to stow away the initial battle of a 3 game series with the Cuban Stars at Association Park yesterday, 7 to 3. Crawford, who was on the mound for the Monarchs, heaved a steady game against the visitors and kept their blows well scattered. In the third frame two hits combined with a base on balls and a (illegible) by Carr enabled the Cubans to count a pair of runs, while two more costly boofs in the final round allowed the Havana club to count another run. The Monarchs began slamming the offerings of Hernandez in the initial round, collecting three base knocks but airtight support allowed the Cuban flinger to (illegible) without runs being checked against him. In the fifth, however, the Kansas City club staged an attack which netted five runs. Hernandez settled down after this round and pitched well until the sixth, when another pair of base knocks netted the Monarchs another run while the final count was garnered in the eighth on three wallops. Lopez and Donaldson will oppose each other on the firing line in the second game of the series."

Kansas City, MO
"Monarchs Cop Opener From Cuban Stars, 7-3 - With Sam Crawford pitching in superb form, the Monarchs easily defeated the Cuban Stars in the opening game of the series at Association Park yesterday, 7 to 3. José Hernández, who took the firing line for the visitors, was hammered hard in the second inning, the locals piling up five runs which were enough to clinch victory. After the fateful second, José Hernández settled down and kept the Monarchs' blows well scattered up until the sixth, when a pair of base knocks netted the locals another run. Three more healthy clouts in the eighth added another run to the Monarchs' total. Sam Crawford weakened temporarily in the third round and allowed the Cubans to register a brace of counters, but he pulled himself together after this and was never in danger. Costly boots by Edgar Washington and Bartolo Portuondo enabled the visitors to add another tally in the ninth. John Donaldson likely will do the heaving for the Monarchs this afternoon, while José López will take the elevation for the Cubans."

Kansas City, MO
"Sunday, June 6 - 5 Game Series - Cuban Stars of Havana, Cuba vs. Kansas City Monarchs - Games Called at 3:00 P.M"

Kansas City, MO
"The Cuban Stars will be the next team to play at Kansas City. They open there Saturday, play Sunday and three other days. The Cubans have a great team and despite the difficulty that the new Cubans are having in getting in touch with the methods of the circuit teams they are putting up a creditable showing. Captain José Méndez, Bartolo Portuondo and Vicente Rodríguez will have a real job on hand when their countrymen show up at Kansas City June 6."

Kansas City, MO
"Monarchs Win - Defeat Cuban Stars in Season's First Series - Kansas City, Missouri, June 13. - The following will show the manner in which the Monarchs won the series from the Cuban Stars last week: With Sam Crawford pitching in superb form, the Monarchs easily defeated the Cuban Stars in the opening game of the series at Association Park, 7 to 3. José Hernández, who took the firing line for the visitors, was hammered hard in the second inning, the locals piling up five runs, which were enough to clinch victory. After the fateful second, José Hernández settled down and kept the Monarch's blows well scattered up until the sixth, when a pair of base knocks netted the locals another run. Three more healthy clouts in the eighth added another run to the Monarch's total. Sam Crawford weakened temporarily in the third round and allowed the Cubans to register a brace of counters, but he pulled himself together after this and was never in danger. Costly boots by Edgar Washington and Bartolo Portuondo enabled the visitors to add another tally in the ninth. John Donaldson likely will do the heaving for the Monarchs this afternoon, while José López will take the elevation for the Cubans."

June 6, 1920

Kansas City, MO
"Monarchs Drop Second Game to Cubans, 5-3 - The Cuban Stars evened up the series with the Monarchs yesterday, copping the second battle, 5 to 3, before a crowd of 8,000. With the count tied 3 to 3 in the ninth round, a pair of wild heaves enabled the visitors to push two runs across without a hit, while José LeBlanc retired the Monarchs in regular order in their half of the final session. 'Rube' Currie, who occupied the hilltop for the Monarchs, heaved a steady game and yielded only one more base knock than his mates were able to collect off the benders of José LeBlanc, but faulty support aided the visitors to count all but one of their tallies. The Monarchs attacked José Leblanc in the opening frame and made a pair of wallops count for as many runs, while two more safe pokes in the fifth gave the locals another run. The Cubans counted two runs in the third on a lone hit, aided by an error and a wounded batsman while singles by Bernardo Baró and Valentín Dreke figured in another marker in the sixth. A walk, three sacrifices and a couple of wild heaves clinched the game for the Havana club in the ninth, when two more runs were scored. John Donaldson will take the Mound for the Monarchs in the third game of the series this afternoon, while José López will do the flinging for the Cubans."

"Monarchs Lost in Ninth - A Crowd of Eight Thousand Saw the Cuban Stars Win, 5 to 3. - Costly errors in the ninth cost the Monarchs a victory in teh second battle of the series with the Cuban Stars at Association Park yesterday, the visitors winning, 5 to 3, before a crowd of eight thousand. With the count tied 3 to 3 in the final round, a base on balls, a sacrifice and a pair of wild heaves enabled the Cubans to count a pair of tallies, while the MOnarchs were unable to connect with the offerings of José Leblanc in their half of the inning. 'Rube' Currie hurled a steady game for the Monarchs, keeping the visitors' blows well scattered, but his mates were unable to spot him enough runs to bag the combat. The Monarch lumped into the lead in the initial round by hammering José Leblanc for a couple of tallies, adding another run in the fifth, when José Leblanc juggled Valentín Dreke's throw in from left on John Donaldson's single. After the fifth the Cuban hurler settled down and allowed the Monarchs only one safe hit during the remainder of the game. John Donaldson probably will pitch for the Monarchs in the third game of the series this afternoon, while José López is due to take his turn on the mound for the visitors."

Kansas City, MO
* Same article, from the Chicago Defender

Kansas City, MO
"American Association Park, Kansas City, Missouri, Sunday, June 6, 5 Game Series, Cuban Stars of Havana, Cuba vs. Kansas City Monarchs at Kansas City, Missouri."

"Cuban Stars of Havana, Cuba - Traveling - Five Game Series Starting June 6 - Hot Games - Cubans on Both Teams - Cuban Stars vs. Kansas City Monarchs at Kansas City, Missouri."

June 7, 1920

Kansas City, MO
"Cuban Stars Defeat Monarch Club, 6 to 2 - The Cuban Stars collected three runs in a fifth-inning rally yesterday, which proved enough to give them the third game of the series with the Monarchs at Association park 6 to 2. The Monarchs garnered as many hit off Faustino Valdés as their opponents were able to collect off the fast ones of John Donaldson and José Méndez, but the Cubans bunched their blows and made them count for more runs. The loss of Dink Mothell, regular third baseman, made it necessary for the Monarchs to present a shifted lineup. José Méndez going to first and Ornes, a local player, being sent to second. The Cubans nicked John Donaldson for a pair of base knocks in the opening round, which netted them as many runs, while two more blows in the second netted another run. In the fifth, the visitors staged an attack against the Monarch hurler which garnered a trio of counters and clinched the game. José Méndez took the mound in the sixth and kept the enemy well subdued. The Monarchs counted their first run in the fifth when singles by Bartolo Portuondo and John Donaldson sent a run across, while singles by Bartolo Portuondo, Hurley McNair and George Carr netted another run in the seventh. José Méndez will oppose José López on the firing line in the fourth game of the series this afternoon. Today will be ladies' day, all women being admitted free."

June 9, 1920

Kansas City, MO
"Monarchs Cop Final Game With Cuban Stars, 11-5 - The Monarchs hit Martinez and Hernandez hard in the final game of the series with the Cuban Stars at Association park yesterday, winning 11-5. Sam Crawford, who started on the mound for the Monarchs, was nicked for four hits and as many counters during the first three frames, and was replaced by José Méndez, who yielded a pair of base knocks and a run during the next three chapters. 'Rube' Currie, who came to the rescue in the seventh, kept the visitors' blows well scattered and prevented any further scoring. The Monarchs jumped into the lead in the opening round, counting a pair of runs on a trio of clouts, while the Cubans put a run over in the second, with the aid of three hits, and added three more markers to their credit in the third. The Monarchs staged a rally in the sixth, which netted them four runs, while José Hernández, who replaced Prudencio Martínez, was clouted for three more tallies in the seventh, and two in the eighth, which clinched the battle for the Monarchs. The Monarchs will play the Cudahy team at Brenneisen park at 5 o'clock Friday while the St. Louis Giants come here Saturday to open a five-game series at Association park."

"Monarchs Overcome a Lead. - The Cuban Stars Were Defeated in Final Series Game, 5 to 11. - The Monarchs evened up the series with the Cuban Stars, winning the final combat at Association Park yesterday, 11 to 5. Sam Crawford, who started on the mound for the Kansas City team, was hit freely in the second and third rounds, José Méndez going to the hilltop in the fourth. During the three frames that he worked, José Méndez allowed only two safe blows, but the visitors made these count for a run. Rube Currie, who replaced José Méndez in the seventh, kept the Cubans' hits well scattered and held them runless during the remainder of the contest. The Monarchs jumped into the lead in the opening round when a trio of base knocks netted a pair of runs. The Cubans collected three runs in the third, however, and another in the fifth, which gave them an apparently safe lead. In the sixth the Monarchs drove Prudencio Martínez from the mound and collected four runs before José Hernández could be rused to the mound. Three more counters were nicked off the offerings of José Hernández in the seventh while two more were added in the eighth, which clinched the victory for the Monarchs. The opening game of the 5-game series with the St. Louis Giants will be played here Saturday. The Monarchs will meet the Cudahy team at Brenneisen Park at 5 o'clock tomorrow."

June 12, 1920

Omaha, NE
"Saturday, June 12, Cuban Stars at Omaha, Nebraska vs. Armours."

June 13, 1920

Omaha, NE
"Sunday, June 13, Cuban Stars at Omaha, Nebraska vs. Armours."

June 20, 1920

St. Louis, MO
"Cuban Stars Defeat Negro Giants, 7 to 1 - The Cuban Stars defeated the St. Louis Negro Giants, 7 to 1, in the first game of their series, which opened yesterday at the Giants' Park. the visitors hit Jimmie Oldham and John Finnner hard, amassing sixteen hits. They bunched singles in the first inning for three runs. The Giants tallied their lone marker in the sixth inning."

June 27, 1920

Indianapolis, IN
"Look Here Fans - Standing of the Clubs of the Western Circuit of the Proposed Negro National Base Ball League. - These figures are based on a percentage of won and lost and are for all game splayed up to week of June 27th:

Chicago, IL
* Same article, from the Chicago Defender

July 3, 1920

Oak Park, IL
"Oak Parks, 7; Cubans, 4. - The Oak Parks gave the Cubans a surprise by beating them, 7 to 4, at Oak Park. Kessler starred at bat for the winners with three hits."

July 4, 1920

Chicago, IL
"Big Circuit Games for 4-5. - The Cuban Stars, who have just completed a swing around the circuit, will tackle the American Giants in Chicago, at Schorling Park, Sunday, July 4th."

July 5, 1920

St. Louis, MO
"Giants Gain Victory Over Cuban Stars, 10-6 - The Giants won an exciting game from the Cuban Stars by a 10-to-6 score. The game was a seesaw affair until the seventh, when the home team score five runs. Johnson's three-base hit with the bases full was the feature. The second game of the series will be played today."

July 7, 1920

St. Louis, MO
"Cuban Stars Defeat St. Louis Giants, 9-6 - The Cuban Stars bunched hits off Drake and, aided by errors, won yesterday's game from the Giants, 9 to 6. Stewart's fielding was the feature. Baro lead the hitters with three out of four. The fourth game will be played today."

July 8, 1920

St. Louis, MO
"Cuban Stars 13, St. Louis Giants 7."

July 9, 1920

St. Louis, MO
"Cuban Stars Capture Final from Giants, 4-3 - The St. Louis Giants lost the last game of the series to the Cubans, 4 to 3. Cobb lead the hitters with two hits out of three attempts. Today the Chicago Leland Giants open a five-game series with the Dayton Marcos at Giants' Park."

July 10, 1920

Muncie, IN
"A.B.C.'s and Cubans in Second Series - The A.B.C.'s and Cubans opened up their second series at Muncie, Indiana last Saturday, the Cubans winning 8 to 7. Ben Taylor and Oscar Charleston pitching for the locals."

July 11, 1920

Indianapolis, IN
"A.B.C.'s and Cubans in Second Series - Sunday, at Indianapolis, rain ended first game after five innings had been played, the Cubans winning, 5 to 1."

Indianapolis, IN
"Cubans Here Sunday for Series with A.B.C.'s - Two games, the first one starting at 2 o'clock, will be staged between the Indianapolis A.B.C.'s and Cuban Stars at Washington Park Sunday afternoon. These two clubs also meet in single contests Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday afternoons, the games starting at 3 o'clock. A new second baseman is expected to be in the lineup of the local colored team when it takes the field. Manager C.I. Taylor has been on the lookout for one ever since Samuel DeWitt was injured and the A.B.C. pilot expects to have him in line. The Cuban outfie has been strengthened a great deal since its last appearance here."

"Cubans Beat A.B.C.'s - The Cuban Stars beat C.I. Taylor's A.B.C.'s 5 to 1, in a five inning game Sunday, when rain interfered with the playing of a double bill. The Cubans have a fast team of heavy hitters. The same teams will play today, Tuesday and Wednesday, the games to be called at 3 o'clock."

July 12, 1920

Indianapolis, IN
"A.B.C.'s and Cubans in Second Series - Monday, smiling Dizzy Dismukes, had his underhand ball working to perfection, letting the pesky Islanders down with five singles and no runs."

Indianapolis, IN
"A.B.C.'s Win Victory. - The A.B.C.'s and the Cubans were to get together today with the game score tied. Yesterday the A's beat the islanders 3 to 0 because of the effective pitching of Dizzy Dismukes, who held the Cubans to five scattered hits. The series will end Wednesday."

July 14, 1920

Indianapolis, IN
"A.B.C.'s Win Windup - The A.B.C.'s took the final game from the Cubans yesterday, 1 to 0, the single tally being made in the ninth inning on a double by Biz Mackey and a single by Ralph Jefferson. It was a splendid pitching duel between José Leblanc and Bob McClure. The A's will take on the Monarchs Friday for a six-game series, the second game of which will be played in Muncie on Saturday, the clubs returning here Sunday."

July 17, 1920

Detroit, MI
"The Cuban Stars won from the Detroit Stars Saturday and Sunday.

July 18, 1920

Detroit, MI
"Cubans In Game Against Stars - Second Game of Series Billed for Play Sunday Afternoon. - Sunday afternoon at Mack Park the famous Cuban Stars and Detroit Stars play the second of their six game series, both teams being contenders for honors in the Colored National baseball league. The Islanders have a powerful aggregation at the present time - rated an even stronger one than when Jose Mendez and other famous players were members of the team. The pitching staff consists of LeBlanc, famous no-hit artist, Junco, Talosa and Guerro. On their previous visit here the Cubans split even with the Detroit team and there is no club that visits this city which is more popular than the Cubans. Manager Tenny Blount has strengthened his team for the series by securing the services of Harper, right fielder of the Kansas City Monarchs, and Scott, of the Lincoln Giants. Sunday's game stars at 3 p.m.

"Hernandez Holds Stars in Check - Cuban Pitcher is Too Much for Locals in 4-1 Game. - Superb pitching by Hernandez, who held the Detroit Stars at bay while the Cuban twirler's teammates batted Holland hard, gave the Islanders another victory Sunday at Mack Park, Score 4 to 1. Hernandez himself hit in three of the four runs, the other resulting from a very cleverly executed squeeze play. The Detroiters were shut out for eight innings. In the ninth frame Riggins doubled and scored on Bill Gatewood's hit to center. The fielding of both teams was perfect. The same teams play Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday afternoons at the east side ball park."

Detroit, MI
* Same article, from the Chicago Defender

Detroit, MI
"The Cuban Stars won from the Detroit Stars Saturday and Sunday."

Detroit, MI
"A.B.C.'s Bolster Team For Monarchs Series - Followers of C.I. Taylor's A.B.C.'s will get a glimpse at quite a few new players Sunday when the local colored club takes the field against the slugging Kansas City Monarchs. Two games are scheduled, the first one starting at 3 o'clock. These teams meet tomorrow at Muncie, then some here for the Sunday contests and will stage single games Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. Robert Hudspeth, known better in Texas as Highpocket, will alternate with Ben Taylor at the first base station. Robert Hudspeth has a reputation of being able to dish out plenty of comedy and he is expected to make a big showing here. Namon Washington, the hard hitting outfielder with the San Antonio club in Texas, will perform in left field, while Biz Mackey, another new player, who has been here the last few days, will work in one of the contests behind the bat. Manger C.I. Taylor things a great deal of Biz Mackey and believes he will prove himself a real star."

"A.B.C.'s in Second Place in Colored League - Kansas City Monarchs and C.I. Taylor's A.B.C.'s will clash Sunday afternoon at Washington Park, in a double-header, the first game starting at 2 o'clok. Single games will also be staged Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. Bob McClure, one of the new additions to the local colored club's pitching staff and who twirled a three-hit contest against the Cuban Stars, will do the mound work in the first scrap, while Morris Williams, another new boxman or Dizzy Dismukes, will work the second. Other players new to the followers of the A.B.C.'s who will be in the lineup, are Biz Mackey, catcher; Robert Hudspeth, first baseman and outfielder; Namon Washington, outfielder, and Henry Blackmon, third baseman. Connie Day will be shifted to second. The A.'s are now in second place in the Western Colored League, only a few games behind the leaders, while the hard hitting Kansas City club is fourth, Kansas City, by taking the majority of the games from the locals, can go into third place."

"7,000 Watch A.B.C.'s Win and Lose With Monarchs - The Kansas City Monarchs and A.B.C.'s, after splitting even in a double-header at Washington Park yesterday afernoon are scheduled to meet again this afternoon at 3 o'clock. Games will also be staged Tuesday and Wednesday. The local colored club grabbed the first encounter Sunday, 6 to 2 when Bob McClure twirled in real style for the A.'s. He was given dandy support. Biz Mackey's catching was the big feature of the afternoon. The playing of Ralph Jefferson, outfielder with the Indianapolis Club, went a long way toward siding the A.B.C.'s to grab the scrap. Ralph Jefferson also cut in with some classy playing in the second game. Dizzy Dismukes was on the mound against the Kansas City outfit in the second contest. All the "breaks" of the game went against this veteran, and the A.'s lost, 6 to 3. A catch by Connie Day of a high liner over second brought a big hand from the crowd of 7,000."

July 19, 1920

Detroit, MI
"Stars Put Over Shutout Victory - Bill Gatewood Has Cubans at His Mercy All Route. - Detroit Stars shut out the Cuban Stars Monday, 8 to 0. Bill Gatewood was in rare form, holding his opponents to six scattered hits. In the fifth, after Wesley landed on the pill for a circuit drive with one on, LeBlanc went to pieces, allowing four singles in succession or another pair of runs. Valdez will pitch for the Cubans Tuesday, while Harper will probably make his debut on the mound for the locals."

July 20, 1920

Detroit, MI
"Cuban Stars Take Fourth Game 6-1 - Pitchers Effective, But Errors Give Victors Loose Game. - Detroit Stars dropped their fourth game to the Cuban Stars at Mack park Tuesday afternoon, 6 to 1. Both twirlers were in good form, although six errors by the locals accounted for the visitor's win. Captain Pete Hill's pair of sensational catches in right field was the feature."

July 21, 1920

Detroit, MI
"Overtime Victory Goes to Cubans - Hernandez Wins Own Game by Homer in Twelfth. - Cuban Stars won a 12-inning game from the Detroit Stars today 4 to 3. Hernandez won his own game in the twelfth by poking out a homer. Voldez will probably pitch for the visitors Thursday while Bill Gatewood very likely will work for the locals."

July 22, 1920

Detroit, MI
"Stars Take Last Contest of Series - McDonald Hurls Well Against Cubans, Winning 7 to 3. - Detroit Stars took the final game of the series with the Cuban Stars Thursday, 7 to 3, by bunching their hits in the first and third."

July 23, 1920

Chicago, IL
"League Standings, as of Friday, July 23."

July 25, 1920

Dayton, OH
"14 Inning Struggle to Marcos - Dayton, Ohio, July 30. - The Marcos won an exciting 14-inning struggle from the Cuban All-Stars Sunday by a score of 7 to 5. The Marcos got away in the lead by scoring two runs in the fifth, only to have the visitors take the lead by pushing four over the plate in the sixth and adding one more in the seventh. The Marcos got two in the eighth an knotted the count in the ninth. Neither team tallied again until the fourteenth, when the Marcos were able to dent the rubber twice. These two teams will play again today and tomorrow. Next Saturday and Sunday the A.B.C. team of Indianapolis will form the opposition for the Dayton Marcos."

July 26, 1920

Dayton, OH
"Monday Game Goes to Cubans - Dayton, Ohio, Monday. - The Cuban Stars turned the tables on the local club and the Marcos lost to the Islanders, 6 to 5."

Detroit, MI
"Cubans vs. Detroit Stars Series - Detroit, Michigan, July 30. - The Detroit Stars won Monday's game from the Cuban Stars, lost Tuesday's 12 inning struggle and then proceeded to tuck Wednesday's game under their belt. In the first game Bill Gatewood opposed both José Leblanc and Faustino Valdés, José Leblanc going to pieces in the fifth inning after Edgar Wesley touched him for a circuit drive. Bill Gatewood tried to save Tuesday's game after the Islanders tied the count in the ninth frame, Bill Holland being yanked by Blount for a pinch hitter, but José Hernández, the opposing twirler, clouted for a homer, which spelled defeat for the home club. Gifford McDonald hurled the Stars to victory in the final games of the series, 7 to 3."

July 31, 1920

Dayton, OH
"A.B.C.s Lose to Cubans In Triangular Double Bill - Dayton, Ohio, July 31 - The A.B.C.s lost to the Cubans here today, 7 to 2, In a triangular double-header, the winner of the first contest playing the winner of the first contest with the Dayton Marcos in the second contest. Dicta Johnson, in the A.B.C. game, pitched loose ball and was relieved in the sixth by Jim Jeffries, who pitched good ball and held the Cubans scoreless the remainder of the game. The Marcos defeated the Cubans in the second game, which lasted five innings, 6 to 3."